Thursday, July 29, 2010

Power Electronics and Single Phase Drives

We consider drives built around single phase induction and single phase synchronous motors in this section.
Motor Diagram

Use of a variable speed drive instead of a fixed speed motor plus external mechanical control yields many advantages. It saves energy significantly and enhances the performance of the drive system (i.e. the load). Energy saving can add up to some MW (Mega watt) level savings in a country due to heavy proliferation of single phase motors in any country. (Note: The largest share of power consumption in most countries attributed to single phase motor).

Motor control requires its input voltage V and frequency f be adjustable with appropriate resolutions. There are 3 alternative control modes.

1. High speed control mode
2. Low speed control mode
3. Serve control mode

The drive system take power from an unregulated DC input. This is the norm for all drive systems, not only for 1 phase drives. This unregulated DC in obtained using a diode rectifier (1 phase or 3 phase rectifiers) on the utility AC system.

Note: There is a reason for using diode rectifiers on the AC utility as the first stage of a power electronic converter.

These are;

1. To minimize supply side distortions and disturbances
2. To make the subsequent conversions easier

Power Circuit of 1 Phase Drive

Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 - Power switches
D1, D2, D3, D4 - Fast recovery diodes (freewheeling diodes)
C1 - DC-link capacitor
S1, S2, S3, S4 - Switching signals (Binary signals)

Switching signal S1, S2, S3, and S4 are generated by the control unit according to the mode of control used.
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1 comment:

  1. warm Greeting

    Have you been thinking about the power sources and the tiles whom use blocks
    I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoyed every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out the new stuff you post.

    Single Phase Motor